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30th International Conference on Adolescent Medicine & Child Psychology, will be organized around the theme “Improving Psychology to benefit and develop Adolescent Health”

Child Psychology 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Child Psychology 2019

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Child Psychology includes Psychological development in child (development throughout the lifespan). As their physical health emotional wellbeing of children is equally important. A balanced mental health status is very important for every single child to live up to their full potential and make their life purposeful by doing the best for themselves and the people around them. Mental illness is a serious disorder that can affect one’s emotions and psychological behaviour. If untreated, then these conditions influence the development of an individual. Mental illness during life span of a baby, how brain and mental health are related in a kid, relation between child sleep and mental health, mental rehabilitation are the featured topic included in this session. Sometimes people even say that mental illness a myth. Through this platform we will focus on the current issues of mental health in child and discuss about how mental health screening and assessment is done, how the environment influences children and role of parents in child development, Psychological characteristics of preschool children.

 

  • Track 1-1Pediatric Neuropsychology
  • Track 1-2School Psychology
  • Track 1-3Neonatal Neurology
  • Track 1-4Adolescent Egocentrism
  • Track 1-5Ontological Hermeneutics

Depression is a common and severe therapeutic sickness that harmfully affects how you feel, the manner you ruminate and the way you react. Luckily, it is also curable. Depression causes feelings of unhappiness and/or a loss of curiosity in actions once enjoyed. It can lead to a diversity of sensitive and physical complications and can deduce a person’s capability to function at work and at home.

 

Adolescence is referred to as the most delicate period during the development period of a child, as all the psychological and physical changes occur during this phase of growth. It is said to be the transitional period in an individual's life. In this session we will have a talk on physical and hormonal changes like negative attitudes, pressures from peers, drug and alcohol abuse, depression in adolescence, puberty changes, issues of sexuality, impact of substance abuse on child, bullying and aggression, impact of culture on adolescent learning, self-harm and suicidal behaviour, social life of adolescent, adolescent psychosis, adolescent parental relationship.

 

Child psychiatry is a sub-branch under the broad field of Psychiatry which is dedicated for children only. This branch mainly focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders in children, adolescents, and their families.  It involves the researches of the psychological and social factors that influence the development and course of these psychiatric disorders and treatment responses to various interventions. Child psychiatry also treats problems of hyperactivity, significant attention disorders etc. There can also be more serious disorders, such as schizophrenia, which can manifest very early in life. Therapists identify the problem a child is facing by speaking and listening to them and thereby can find a way to help them improve. Experts also prescribe medicines for treatment depending on the case.

 

  • Track 4-1Child Sexual Abuse
  • Track 4-2Child Psychopathology
  • Track 4-3Learning Disorders
  • Track 4-4Behavioral Therapy in Children
  • Track 4-5Childhood Psychiatric Disorder
  • Track 4-6Clinical Child Psychology
  • Track 4-7Anger Management of Child
  • Track 4-8Child Psychoanalysis

Clinical Child Psychology is the field that deals with studying the basic processes of change, generally how biological and experiential factors affects a child’s social, emotional, and cognitive functions to change as they grow. This area of psychology developed while studying how childhood experiences can create impression on an individual’s life is rapidly growing. The demand for child clinical, developmental, and pediatric psychologists has increased immensely in clinical, teaching, and research positions.

  • Track 5-1Methods of Clinical Psychology
  • Track 5-2Clinical Psychological Tests
  • Track 5-3Clinical Psychology Instruments
  • Track 5-4Clinical Work
  • Track 5-5Clinical Training
  • Track 5-6Clinical Formulation
  • Track 5-7Experimental psychology

Psychotherapy is an efficient treatment process that helps people to deal with their psychological issues, such as depression or anxiety. Though depression and anxiety are very regular issues but occasionally these feelings escalate, last for a long period of time, and do affect immensely the personal, work life of some individuals. For example, someone with clinical depression may be unable to get out of bed to go to work, start to ignore hygiene, and lose their appetite. Psychopathology involves the study of mental illness which can also refer to the manifestation of behaviours that indicate the presence of a mental disorder.

Mental health is included our psychological, emotional, social wellbeing…..everywhere and it directly affects in how we feel, think and act. It also determines in making choice, how we handle stress and relate with others. From childhood to adolescent through adulthood its effect is important in every stage of life. If anyone experience mental health problems, their entire coordination goes interrupted includes their thinking capability, mood, behavior, relationships and even physical health. A strong mental health is very important to balance between their activities and efforts also in achieving psychological resilience to enjoy their life.

  • Track 7-1Mental Diseases and psychotherapy
  • Track 7-2Gender Difference in Mental Health
  • Track 7-3Behavioral Therapy for Mental Health

Educational Psychology is chiefly in view of study and connected speculations and ideas from all of brain research in instructive settings. It may be schools, beginning from preschools and completely through school. The two hypothetical points of view inside instructive brain research are the intellectual viewpoint and the behavioral point of view. The field of instructive brain research distinguishes theoretical procedures, memory and individual contrasts in various people to conceptualize new methodologies for learning forms. Our gathering will principally stress on advancement and subjective hypotheses in instructive brain science, review of social brain research and its application in training, diverse learning styles and speculations, kid school Psychology and early adolescence training.

Developmental Psychology or simply formative brain research is the branch of brain research that spotlights on how individuals develop and change behaviour wise throughout a lifetime. The individuals who represent considerable authority in this field endeavour to better see how and why individuals change and develop, this information would then be able to be connected to helping individuals satisfy their maximum capacity. A portion of the many issues that formative analysts may enable patients to manage include: engine expertise advancement, dialect procurement, enthusiastic, the rise of mindfulness and self-idea, intellectual improvement amid youth and all through life, social and social impacts on kid advancement, identity improvement, moral thinking and formative difficulties.

Pediatric health psychology is a multidisciplinary field that is accounted under both scientific research and clinical practice which helps address the psychological aspects of illness, injury, and the promotion of health behaviours in children, adolescents, and families. Psychological issues are addressed in a developmental framework and emphasize the dynamic relationships which exist between children, their families, and the health delivery system as a whole. This field of study include topics like psychosocial development, environmental factors which contribute to the development of a disorder, outcomes of children with medical conditions, treating the comorbid behavioral and emotional components of illness and injury, and promoting proper health behaviors, developmental disabilities, educating psychologists and other health professionals on the psychological aspects of paediatric conditions, and advocating for public policy that promotes children's health.

Positive Psychology is the field of study managing human prospering, and a connected way to deal with ideal working. It has additionally been characterized as the investigation of the qualities and ethics that empower people, groups and associations to flourish. Constructive Psychology depends on the conviction that need of individuals is to lead a significant and satisfying life, to support their best qualities and to upgrade their encounters of affection, work, and play. The field is planned to supplement, not to supplant conventional brain research. It doesn't try to prevent the significance from securing contemplating how things turn out badly, yet rather to underscore the significance of utilizing the logical strategy to decide how things go right.

  • Track 11-1Positive Mental Attitude
  • Track 11-2Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Track 11-3Resilience in Positive Psychology
  • Track 11-4Happiness and Well Being
  • Track 11-5Theory and Methods of Positive Psychology
  • Track 11-6Applied Positive Psychology
  • Track 11-7Positive Psychology Intervention
  • Track 11-8Culture and Positive Psychology
  • Track 11-9Yoga and Medication
  • Track 11-10Applications and Research Findings on Positive Psychology
  • Track 11-11Positive Psychology Movements

Cognitive Neuroscience is a branch featuring both brain science and neurosciencePsychological neuroscience is about observation, memory, activity, and dialect. It can take a gander at impacts of mind harm and in this manner changes in the points of view. Intellectual neuroscience has risen up out of numerous different fields like brain science, neuroscience and software engineering. Our gathering will for the most part stress on Cognitive unsettling influence and restoration, hereditary variations from the norm, neuroimaging studies and neuropsychiatry and its applications.

  • Track 12-1Third wave of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapy
  • Track 12-2Advancement in Behavioral Therapy Treatment
  • Track 12-3Cognitive modelling
  • Track 12-4Cognitive Disorder
  • Track 12-5 Cognitive Psychology
  • Track 12-6Behavior Modification
  • Track 12-7Behavior Management

Autism is a spectrum of closely-related disorders with a shared core of symptoms. Psychiatric disorders have also increased in both child and adolescent. Most mental health problems are diagnosed in adulthood and begins during adolescence. The goal of the session is to get the knowledge of different psychiatric disorders as Eating disordersSchizophreniaDepression and suicideBipolar disordersPost Traumatic Stress DisorderphobiaTourette syndromeObsessive compulsive disorderDementiaCognitive Disorders, Stuttering, Concussion, Insomnia and conduct disorders.

  • Track 13-1Eating disorder
  • Track 13-2Epilepsy
  • Track 13-3Depression
  • Track 13-4Parkinson’s Disorder
  • Track 13-5Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
  • Track 13-6Schizophrenia
  • Track 13-7Cerebral Palsy
  • Track 13-8Mood Disorder
  • Track 13-9Eating disorder
  • Track 13-10Addiction Treatment

Psychopharmacology  is the field which analyses the effects of medication on the psychology, changed behaviors and the manifestation of molecular events in a measurable behavioural form. Neurogenesis and repair deal with other aspects on the indications for medications prescribed to address psychiatric problems, that are associated with, including antipsychotic, acquired brain injury and psychopharmacology drugs and their interaction with neurotransmitters also include mood stabilizers and treatments prescribed for disorders of attention. The treatments may cause side effects such as induction of the metabolic syndrome. The effectiveness of the drugs can be increased by prescriber’s knowledge over emotional and interpersonal issues of the patient i.e. psychology of psychopharmacology. Schizophrenia is such a disorder which affects the thinking and acting ability of a person caused by viral infection, genetically or by immune disorder.

Adolescence is often a time where teenagers start experimenting with Alcohol and Drugs. While some may not develop an addiction, others may get addicted and put both themselves and others in danger. Teens with Mental health disorders are most likely to develop addiction. Adolescent addiction is correlated with other significant problems like criminal involvement, academic failure, mental disorders, physical, sexual and emotional abuse. A teen Intervention or Rehabilitation is a safe process of getting the addicted individual to seek professional help and build a healthy life both psychologically and physically.

  • Track 15-1Addiction to Psychoactive Drugs
  • Track 15-2Types of Addiction
  • Track 15-3Chemical Signalling Substances
  • Track 15-4Addiction Treatment
  • Track 15-5Sided effects of Antipsychotic Drugs
  • Track 15-6Drug Abuse and Dependence

Social psychology is a subfield within Psychology that explores the effects of social environment on an Individual’s thoughts, emotions and behaviour. Apart from social influences/environment social perceptions and social interaction are also important to understand social behaviour. Social psychology bridges the fields psychology and sociology. This field paves way to the better understanding of how humankind can live together in harmony

  • Track 16-1Ethnic Identity Development
  • Track 16-2School and Health Psychology
  • Track 16-3School and Health Psychology
  • Track 16-4Organizational Sociology
  • Track 16-5Social Development
  • Track 16-6Industrial Sociology
  • Track 16-7Social Neuroscience
  • Track 16-8Socio-Cultural Factors
  • Track 16-9Group Behavior
  • Track 16-10Cultural Traditions

The psychology is the study of mind of an individual or a group of people. It is mainly related to one’s behaviour and symptoms. The psychologist treats the particular patient according to the state of mind of the individuals and like how their mind works and they will manage the mental illness of the patient. Thought processes, emotions, memories, dreams, perceptions, and so on cannot be seen physically, like a skin rash or heart defect. The important fact in the stream of psychology is the psychiatrist treatment that focuses on behavioral adaptations.it is not the only study of the brain and also to encourage a healthy and sustainable relationship

 In the 21st-century researchers mainly focusing on the study of neurotransmitters, hormones, genetics, and brain matter. These studies which lead to the alternative treatment which deals the abnormal psychology. The alternative treatment leads to fixing, brain chemistry, hormonal imbalance, neurotransmission problem in the brain without the use of any medications and prescriptions. Because there are huge problems in the usage of the heavy dosage of medicines and it is very difficult for the patient to withdraw from it. The use of Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids has been found to decrease the onset of psychotic disorders, such as bi-polar and paranoid schizophrenia which is revealed by the latest research.

  • Track 18-1Transpersonal Psychology
  • Track 18-2Interpersonal Phenomena
  • Track 18-3Models of Abnormality
  • Track 18-4NCD Treatment
  • Track 18-5Gestalt Psychology
  • Track 18-6Front Temporal NCD
  • Track 18-7Transpersonal Psychology
  • Track 18-8Phobias

Advances in cognitive neuroscience are revealing how the brain uses information gathered from the senses and interaction with others to perform complex tasks. The new trends in the field of the cognitive psychology have been the increasing prominence of statistical models, the other new advancements in this field is the Brain scanning technology, which has more powerful f MRI machines and other technologies such as transcranial magnetic simulation and near-infrared spectroscopy  providing new experimental findings about how brains produce thoughts.

  • Track 19-1Depth Therapy
  • Track 19-2Cognitive style
  • Track 19-3Psychotherapy
  • Track 19-4Psychoanalysis

The developmental psychology is all about the human growth and the changes happening throughout the lifespan, including physical, emotional, cognitive, social, intellectual, personality growth and the recent advancements in this field is teaching infants sign language help or hinder the language acquisition process, how the parenting style impact a child's level of physical activity. Do mental games such as word searches, Sudoku, and word matching help elderly adults keep their cognitive skills sharp. These are some of the research topics in the field of developmental psychology.

  • Track 20-1Development Disorder
  • Track 20-2Physical and Memory Development
  • Track 20-3Cognitive Development
  • Track 20-4Violence and Aggression
  • Track 20-5Mechanisms of Development
  • Track 20-6Parenting and caring
  • Track 20-7Personnel Psychology
  • Track 20-8Personal Development
  • Track 20-9Educational Psychology
  • Track 20-10Ethical Standards
  • Track 20-11Empathy, Self-Help and the Ideal Self
  • Track 20-12Empowerment and quality of life
  • Track 20-13Person Perception
  • Track 20-14Evolutionary Developmental Psychopathology

The Evolutionary Psychology is the study to explain useful mental and psychological traits such as memory, perception or language as adaptations, There are different forms of traits in our physiological factors, the main area of research in the theory of evolution itself, such as survival, mating, parenting, family and kinship, interactions with non-kin and cultural evolution.

In the field of Neuro, the research is undergoing to improve cognition in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) and traumatic brain injury(TBI). Because it has difficulties with thinking, learning, and memory if a person is affected with those diseases. The researchers are working for the betterment to improve cognition, prevent decline, and limit fatigue. Through non-invasive techniques, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI (FMRI), and neuro psychological (paper and pencil) tests

  • Track 22-1Neurodegeneration
  • Track 22-2Computational Neuro Psychology
  • Track 22-3Neuropathology
  • Track 22-4Neuropsychological assessment
  • Track 22-5Neuro Psychotherapy
  • Track 22-6Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Track 22-7Typical and Atypical Antipsychotics
  • Track 22-8Neurodevelopmental Disorder

In the stream of Psychology, the contribution of the computational approach is the discipline which lies between artificial intelligence and psychology. According to researchers it is the building of computer models of human cognitive process and is based on an analogy between human mind and computer programs. Computational models are mostly based on theories. They are mostly focused in how human performance comes about, by what psychological mechanisms, processes, and knowledge structures and in what ways exactly.

  • Track 23-1Transactional Analysis
  • Track 23-2Neuroimaging
  • Track 23-3Computation Neuro Cognition
  • Track 23-4Computational Neuroscience
  • Track 23-5Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Track 23-6Computer mediated Psychotherapy
  • Track 23-7Electroencephalography and Magneto Encephalography
  • Track 23-8Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Therapy
  • Track 23-9Computed Tomography and Positron Emission Tomography
  • Track 23-10Functional MRI Studies

The word “Psychosomatic” denotes to a physical illness forced by a mental factor such as inner conflict or stress which is relating to a disorder having physical symptoms but mainly originating from mental or emotional causes. Psychosomatic medicine is also an interdisciplinary medicine ground discovering the relations among social, psychological, and behavioral factors on physical processes and quality of life in humans and animals. A Psychosomatic Medicine is a subspecialty of psychiatry which is mainly used in diagnosis and treatment of a psychiatry disorders and also symptoms in chronic medically suffering ill patients. Clinical conditions where mental methods act a major reason affecting medical outcomes are areas where psychosomatic medicine has competence. It also deals with the integration of the psychological therapies in prevention, treatment and also in the rehabilitation of medical disease. The word Psychosomatic means the mind (psyche) and the body (soma). A psychosomatic disorder is a condition which involves the both mind and the body. Psychiatry conventionally differentiates between psychosomatic disorders, or resolution of a physical illness, and somatoform disorders. A few typical diseases which are mainly disposed to made worse by the mental health reasons such as a   stress and the anxiety. Which include are psoriasis, high BP, ulcers, and the heart disease. The treatment for the psychosomatic disorder brings together the main therapeutic measures from the entire medical as well as the psychosocial fields. These together show a Mental illness and they may occur due to any previous psychiatry conditions as well. Each disease has its own treatment option. Cognitive Behavior Therapy CBT is the frequent treatment of choice for a psychosomatic disorder. This Therapy helps patients learn new ways to cope with and solve their problems as they gain a deeper understanding of their condition or circumstances. Patients will also learn to set faithful life aims and identify and change behaviors or thoughts that have negative effects on their lives. Psychosomatic medicine has measured a subspecialty of the fields of psychiatry and neurology. Medical treatments and psychotherapy are used to treat illnesses understood to have a psychosomatic component. The symptom psychosomatic disorder is mainly referred to a mental disorder or a mental depression which causes somatic symptoms by mental procedures of the sufferer rather than the funding no physical or an organic cause.

Liaison psychiatry is also known as Consultation-liaison psychiatry is the branch of psychiatry or specializes in the interface between general medicine and psychiatry, it usually taking place in a hospital or medical setting. The role of the consultation-liaison psychiatrist is to see patients with comorbid medical conditions at the request of the treating medical or surgical consultant or team. The aim of Liaison Psychiatry includes the diagnosis and treatment of Psychiatric disorders, prevention of psychiatric morbidity, Promotion of positive attitude towards psychiatry, promotion of a combined approach to mental and physical health, teaching, research, and improved cost-effectiveness of service provision. The Tracks associated with Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry are Sleep disorder, Substance use disorders and Suicide attempt or threat.

It is a medical subspecialty within psychiatry that focuses on evaluationdiagnosis, and treatment of people who are suffering from one or more disorders related to addiction. This may contain disorders including legal and illegal drugs, gambling, sex, and other impulse control disorders. Addiction psychiatrists are substance abuse experts. Growing amount of scientific knowledge, such as the health effects and treatments to substance abuse, has led to advancements in the field of addiction psychiatry.

  • Track 26-1Types of Addiction
  • Track 26-2Chemical Signalling Substances
  • Track 26-3Addiction Treatment
  • Track 26-4Psychopharmacological Substances
  • Track 26-5Sided effects of Antipsychotic Drugs
  • Track 26-6Drug Abuse and Dependence

Psychiatric Disorder is also called a Mental illness. It is a Behavioral or Mental pattern that may cause suffering or a poor ability to function in life. Mental disorders are usually defined by a combination of how a person behaves, feels, perceives, or thinks. This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain. Some of the Common mental disorders include depression, which affects about 400 million, dementia which affects about 35 million, and schizophrenia, which affects about 21 million people globally.

Mood Disorders are a category of illnesses that describe a serious change in mood. Illness under mood disorders includes: major depressive disorderbipolar disorderpersistent depressive disorder, cyclothymia, and SAD (seasonal affective disorder). Major Depression is one of the most common mental illnesses, affecting 6.7% (more than 16 million) of American adults each year. Depression causes people lose pleasure from daily life, can complicate other medical conditions, and can even be serious enough to lead suicide. Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder categorized by dangerous highs and lows in mood and energy. While everyone experiences ups and downs, the severe shifts that happen in bipolar disorder can have a serious effect on a person’s life.

Emergency psychiatry is the clinical application of psychiatry in emergency settings. Conditions requiring psychiatric interferences may include attempted suicide, depression, psychosis, violence or other rapid changes in behavior. Psychiatry emergency services are rendered by professionals in the fields if medical, nursingpsychologyand social works. The demand for emergency psychiatric services has rapidly increased throughout the world since the 1960s, especially in urban areas.

Psychiatric Nursing is the position of a nursing that has specialized in mental health and cares for people of all ages with mental illness or mental distress, such as schizophreniabipolar disorder, psychosis, depression, dementia and many more. Nursing in this area receives specific training in psychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing with challenging behavior, and the administration of psychiatric medication

  • Track 30-1Nursing and Mental Health
  • Track 30-2Psychiatric Nurse Education
  • Track 30-3Psychiatric Health Nursing Practice

In Psychiatry disorder patients suffering from an extreme case of anxiety may seek treatment when all support systems have been exhausted and they are unable to bear the anxiety. Feelings of anxiety may present in different ways from an underlying medical illness or psychiatric disorder, a secondary functional disturbance from another psychiatric disorder, from primary psychiatric disorders. Natural disasters and man-made hazards can cause severe psychological stress in victims surrounding the event.

  • Track 31-1Anxiety and Panic Disorder

Sexual psychiatric disorders are like folks they are available in completely different forms of shapes and sizes. It involves experiencing the sort of issue that may suddenly have an effect on anyone, at any time in their lives, for any reason or no reason whatever. This disorder might result from emotional or physical causes. Emotional factorsrepresent social or psychological issues, which might be the result of sexual fear of guilt, past sexual trauma, and sexual disorders, among others.

  • Track 32-1Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Track 32-2Stress Disorder
  • Track 32-3Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Track 32-4Anxiety and Panic Disorder
  • Track 32-5Sleep-Wake Disorder
  • Track 32-6Traumatic Brain Injury

It covers special aspects of psychiatry and mental disorders within the military context. The main aim of military psychiatry is to keep as many serving personnel as a possible fit for duty and to treat those disabled by psychiatric conditions. Military psychiatry encompasses counseling individuals and families on a variety of life issues, often from the standpoint of life strategy counseling, as well as counseling for mental health issues, substance abuse prevention and substance abuse treatment; and where called for biologically based mental illness, among other elements.

Forensic psychiatry is the intersection between the justice system and psychology. It involves understanding fundamental legal principles especially with regards to expert witness testimony and the specific content area concern as well as relevant jurisdictional and considerations in order to be able to interact appropriately with attorneys, judges and other legal professionals. One of the important aspects in Forensic Psychiatry is the ability to testify in court as an expert witness and reformulating psychological findings into legal language of the courtroom as well as providing information to legal personnel in the way that can be understood.

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensivecareunits (NICUs).The principal patients of neonatologists are newborn infants who are ill or require special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth restriction.,etc  

The discovery is all about our brain and its behaviours, our brains with a lot of storage capacity and processing power, but research from 2016 hinted that close to estimating their actual capacity. The human brain has at least as much capacity as the entire World Wide Web, Research looking at our cognitive abilities like IQ and memory, and how we think about the world. Some of the brain science and psychological studies are How the Brain Takes Out Its Trash While We Sleep. And researchers found that the brain power changes according to the age.

Baby and Newborn Nutrition is the portrayal of the dietary needs of babies and newborn children. Nourishmentgives the vitality and supplements that newborn children should be healthy. A sufficient absorption of supplement rich diet is great nourishment. For the healthy start of life, Infant nutrition is designed to fulfill the needs of very young children. As the infant or children who are under one year old don’t have mature organ system so they need proper nutrition which can easily be digested and that also contains a good amount of calories, vitamins, minerals and all extra nutrients which are necessary for the overall development of babies. As Infant’s kidney is also very weak so they need a proper amount of liquid or fluidsSufficient nutrition is very necessary for constant health and wellbeing during infancy stage. Infants must breastfeed for starting six months of life So that they can achieve all necessary development and growth. So to fulfill all the nutritional requirements infant must receive sufficient nutrition and clean and digestible foods, continuing to breastfeeding up to 2 years or more.